6 Traditional Wedding Dress Fabrics and Why They're Popular

Photo by Erich McVey

Not all wedding dress fabrics are created equally. Some fabrics are better suited for structured designs, others are great for flowing, light looks, and others for larger-than-life ballgowns. Before you jump into wedding dress shopping, learn what to expect when it comes to fabric. We talked to Terry Hall, fashion director at Kleinfeld Bridal in New York, about the six fabrics most often used to create wedding dresses and why they work.

Meet the Expert

Terry Hall is the fashion director at Kleinfeld Bridal in New York.

Read on to learn more about these gorgeous fabrics and why they each make an excellent choice for gowns.

Satin

It's a common misconception, says Hall, but "satin" is not a fiber, it's a finish. You can have satin that's made of pure silk, all polyester, or a blend. The same is true for lace, tulle, taffeta—almost any fabric. In general, fabrics made from natural fibers breathe better, but they can also be more expensive or wrinkle more easily, thus the rise of blends and synthetics.

Satin is one of the most common, most versatile, and most durable wedding dress fabrics. Satin has a smooth finish with a lot of body, making it perfect for more structured gowns. It's a supportive fabric that works with every body type and is a good choice for ruched, draped, and ballgown styles. Most bridal satin tends to be 100 percent silk.

Because satin tends to be a thicker fabric, it's also a good choice for cooler weather weddings, particularly duchess satin.

Charmeuse

Charmeuse is a light, rich fabric with a lovely drape and a glossy sheen. It is usually made of silk, but can also be made from synthetic fibers. "Charmeuse has a gorgeous liquid effect that's slinky, but it's not so forgiving," says Hall. Most often cut on the bias (diagonally across the grain to encourage its drape) and used in column dresses, charmeuse is incredibly luxurious, but it does show every flaw.

Chiffon

Incredibly sheer and lightweight, chiffon is a light woven fabric. Because it's so sheer, it's often used in layers or as an overlay for a more substantial fabric. This delicate fabric has a floaty, weightless look, but it does fray and snag easily.

Organza

Organza is a sheer, lightweight woven fabric traditionally made from silk. Organza, however, is much stiffer than chiffon. Whereas chiffon drapes, organza is more structured, though still light and ethereal, making it perfect for warmer weather weddings. It, too, is a very delicate fabric, so watch out for snags and pulls.

Tulle

You know the light, net-like fabric that ballerina's tutus are made of? That's tulle. Tulle is sheer with on open weave that looks like netting. The fabric can incorporate lace designs, as well. According to Hall, a ball gown style made of tulle will have a diaphanous, airy feeling, but ruching it will give it more structure. Either way, it's an incredibly delicate fabric, easily snagged on jewelry.

Lace

Lace is one of the wedding dress materials that adds so much grace to any gown. Most often used as an overlay or detail, lace comes in a startling variety of styles. As with tulle, the open weave makes it susceptible to snags. Lace is typically named for the city where it was originally produced. Some of the more popular varieties of lace are:

  • Chantilly: a very detailed, open lace with a defined border
  • Alençon: a lace featuring bold motifs on the net, and trimmed with cord
  • Venise: a heavier and more textured lace that is often used in winter weddings

While you can find other fabrics beyond satin, charmeuse, chiffon, organza, tulle, and lace, these are the most traditional fabrics used for wedding dresses. Hall notes that interest in certain types of silk (mikado, radzimir, and gazar) is on the rise. Notably, gazar is what Kate Middleton's wedding dress was made from. Other hot trends for wedding dress material types, according to Hall, include creative and artistic tattoos and laser-cut laces, which nod to the traditional while still being fresh and modern.

FAQ
  • What is the best fabric for wedding dresses?

    No one fabric is better than all others for your wedding dress. It all comes down to personal preference and what you want out of your wedding dress. For example, satin is a thicker fabric that might be better for winter brides, while organza is lighter and a great option for summer brides. Consider how you want your dress to move and look to determine the best fabric for you. 

  • Do you have to match your bridesmaid dresses to your dress fabric?

    No, you do not have to use the same fabric for your bridesmaid dresses as your wedding dress fabric. In fact, having your bridesmaid dresses in different materials than your own can add dimension to your wedding photos and make your fabric stand out even more. 

  • Can I repurpose my extra wedding dress fabric?

    Yes! Many brides repurpose their wedding dress fabric for a veil or gloves. Get creative and work with your seamstress to create something truly unique with any leftover material from alterations. 

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